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Edible oil, also known as "edible oil", refers to animal or vegetable fats and oils used in the production of food. Liquid at room temperature. Due to the source of raw materials, processing technology and quality, common edible oils are mostly vegetable oils, including rapeseed oil, peanut oil, hemp oil, corn oil, olive oil, camellia oil, palm oil, sunflower oil, soybean oil, sesame oil Linseed oil (flax oil), grape seed oil, walnut oil, peony seed oil, etc.
食用油也称为“食油”,是指在制作食品过程中使用的,动物或者植物油脂。常温下为液态。 由于原料来源、加工工艺以及品质等原因,常见的食用油多为植物油脂,包括菜籽油、花生油、火麻油、玉米油、橄榄油、山茶油、棕榈油、葵花子油、大豆油、芝麻油、亚麻籽油(胡麻油)、葡萄籽油、核桃油、牡丹籽油等等。
The sum of crude protein, fat and total sugar content in flaxseed is as high as 84.07%. Flaxseed protein has a complete range of amino acids, and the content of essential amino acids is as high as 5. 16%. It is a plant protein with high nutritional value. The content of α-linolenic acid in flaxseed oil is 53%. Α-linolenic acid is an essential fatty acid in the human body, which can be converted into eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in the human body, which are effective activities in fish oil. ingredient. Alpha-linolenic acid has anti-tumor, anti-thrombotic, hypolipidemic, nutrient brain cell, and autonomic nerve regulation effects, which has received more attention. Flaxseed contains a lot of polysaccharides, polysaccharides have anti-tumor, anti-viral, anti-thrombotic, hypolipidemic effects.
亚麻籽中粗蛋白、脂肪、总糖含量之和高达84. 07% 。亚麻籽蛋白质中氨基酸种类齐全, 必需氨基酸含量高达5. 16%,是一种营养价值较高的植物蛋白质。亚麻籽油中α-亚麻酸含量为53%,α-亚麻酸是人体必需脂肪酸,在人体内可转化为二十碳五烯酸和二十二碳六烯酸,它们为鱼油中的有效活性成分。α-亚麻酸有抗肿瘤, 抗血栓, 降血脂, 营养脑细胞, 调节植物神经等作用 ,受到较多的关注。亚麻籽中含有大量多糖,多糖有抗肿瘤 ,抗病毒, 抗血栓, 降血脂的作用。
Flaxseed oil also contains VE, which is a powerful and effective free radical scavenger, which has the effects of delaying aging and anti-oxidation. Flaxseed contains 23 mg / 100 g of flavonoids. Flavonoid compounds have a good effect of lowering blood lipid and anti-atherosclerosis. The content of unsaturated fatty acids in flaxseed oil is very high, and its iodine value is also high. When storing, it is necessary to add an antioxidant or nitrogen-filled airtight method. The unsaponifiable matter of linseed oil is 8.26%, indicating that considerable amounts of higher fatty alcohols, sterols and hydroxyls are also present in linseed oil. Flax seeds are rich in mineral elements. The potassium content is the highest, which is much higher than that of high-potassium food oranges, peanuts and dried shrimps. Potassium is related to maintaining the normal blood pressure of the human body. The zinc content in flaxseed is also high. Zinc is an essential trace element for the human body and plays an important role in maintaining the normal physiological function of the human body. The above shows that flaxseed and seed oil have high nutritional value, can be used as raw material ingredients for processed food, medicine or animal feed, and have comprehensive development prospects.
亚麻籽油中还含有VE, VE 是一种强有效的自由基清除剂, 有延缓衰老和抗氧化的作用。亚麻籽中含有类黄酮23 mg/ 100 g 。类黄酮化合物有降血脂, 抗动脉粥样硬化的良好作用。亚麻籽油中的不饱和脂肪酸的含量很高, 其碘值也较高 , 保存时须采取添加抗氧剂或充氮密闭的办法。 亚麻籽油的非皂化物为8. 26%, 说明在亚麻籽油中还存在数量可观的高级脂肪醇, 甾醇和羟类等。亚麻籽中含丰富的矿物元素。钾含量最高, 比高钾食物橙子、花生仁、虾米的含量高出很多。钾与维持人体正常血压有关, 亚麻籽中锌的含量也较高, 锌为人体必需的微量元素, 对维持人体正常的生理功能具有重要作用。以上表明, 亚麻籽及籽油具有较高的营养价值,可作为加工食品、医药或动物饲料的原料成份, 综合利用开发前景广阔。
Flaxseed oil also contains VE, which is a powerful and effective free radical scavenger, which has the effects of delaying aging and anti-oxidation. Flaxseed contains 23 mg / 100 g of flavonoids. Flavonoid compounds have a good effect of lowering blood lipid and anti-atherosclerosis. The content of unsaturated fatty acids in flaxseed oil is very high, and its iodine value is also high. When storing, it is necessary to add an antioxidant or nitrogen-filled airtight method. The unsaponifiable matter of linseed oil is 8.26%, indicating that considerable amounts of higher fatty alcohols, sterols and hydroxyls are also present in linseed oil. Flax seeds are rich in mineral elements. The potassium content is the highest, which is much higher than that of high-potassium food oranges, peanuts and dried shrimps. Potassium is related to maintaining the normal blood pressure of the human body. The zinc content in flaxseed is also high. Zinc is an essential trace element for the human body and plays an important role in maintaining the normal physiological function of the human body. The above shows that flaxseed and seed oil have high nutritional value, can be used as raw material ingredients for processed food, medicine or animal feed, and have comprehensive development prospects.
亚麻籽油中还含有VE, VE 是一种强有效的自由基清除剂, 有延缓衰老和抗氧化的作用。亚麻籽中含有类黄酮23 mg/ 100 g 。类黄酮化合物有降血脂, 抗动脉粥样硬化的良好作用。亚麻籽油中的不饱和脂肪酸的含量很高, 其碘值也较高 , 保存时须采取添加抗氧剂或充氮密闭的办法。 亚麻籽油的非皂化物为8. 26%, 说明在亚麻籽油中还存在数量可观的高级脂肪醇, 甾醇和羟类等。亚麻籽中含丰富的矿物元素。钾含量最高, 比高钾食物橙子、花生仁、虾米的含量高出很多。钾与维持人体正常血压有关, 亚麻籽中锌的含量也较高, 锌为人体必需的微量元素, 对维持人体正常的生理功能具有重要作用。以上表明, 亚麻籽及籽油具有较高的营养价值,可作为加工食品、医药或动物饲料的原料成份, 综合利用开发前景广阔。
Sunflower seeds are the fruit of sunflower. Its kernel contains 30% -45% of fat, and the most can reach 60%. Sunflower oil is a golden edible oil with clear, transparent and scented smell. It contains a large amount of unsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid, which can promote the regeneration and growth of human cells, protect skin health, and reduce the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood. It is a high-grade nutritional oil. Sunflower seed oil is rich in carotene, more than peanut oil, sesame oil and soybean oil. Therefore, it can reduce the concentration of serum cholesterol, prevent the occurrence of arteriosclerosis and vascular disease, and is very suitable for patients with hypertension and middle-aged and elderly people.
葵花子是向日葵的果实。它的子仁中含脂肪30%-45%,最多的可达60%。葵花子油颜色金黄,澄清透明,气味清香,是一种重要的食用油。它含有大量的亚油酸等人体必需的不饱和脂肪酸,可以促进人体细胞的再生和成长,保护皮肤健康,并能减少胆固醇在血液中的淤积,是一种高级营养油。葵花子油中含有丰富的胡萝卜素,含量比花生油、麻油和豆油都多。因此它能降低血清胆固醇的浓度,防止动脉硬化和血管疾病的发生,非常适合高血压患者和中老年人食用。
Sunflower seed oil also contains more vitamin E, about 100-120 mg per 100 grams. Therefore, it has a good function of delaying the aging of human cells and maintaining youth. Regular consumption can play a role in strengthening body and prolonging life. Sunflower seed oil also contains more vitamin B3, which has obvious effect on the treatment of mental disorders such as neurasthenia and depression. It contains a certain amount of protein and inorganic substances such as potassium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, etc. It is very effective in the treatment of diabetes and iron-deficiency anemia, and is of great significance for promoting the healthy growth of bones and teeth of teenagers. It contains linoleic acid, which is an essential fatty acid for the human body. It helps human development and physiological regulation. It also has a positive effect on preventing skin dryness and scale hypertrophy.
葵花子油中还含有较多的维生素E,每百克中约含100-120毫克。因而,有良好的延迟人体细胞衰老、保持青春的功能。经常食用,可以起到强身壮体、延年益寿的作用。葵花子油中还含有较多的维生素B3,对治疗神经衰弱和抑郁症等精神病疗效明显。它含有的一定量蛋白质及钾、磷、铁、镁等无机物,对糖尿病、缺铁性贫血病的治疗都很有效,对促进青少年骨骼和牙齿的健康成长具有重要意义。它含有的亚油酸,是人体必需的脂肪酸,有助于人体发育和生理调节,对于防止皮肤干燥及鳞屑肥大也有积极作用。
Olive oil is oil made by cold-pressing fresh olive oil directly. Without heating and chemical treatment, it retains natural nutrients and is considered to be the most suitable fat for human nutrition among the fats discovered so far. Olive oil and olive pomace oil have a history of thousands of years in the Mediterranean coastal countries, and are known as "liquid gold", "vegetable oil queen" and "Mediterranean nectar" in the West. The edible high-grade olive oil is natural fruit oil juice extracted from fresh or ripe olive oil fruits through physical cold pressing process (the remainder is chemically extracted olive pomace oil). It is available to humans in the natural state in the world One of the edible woody vegetable oils.
橄榄油(olive oil)是由新鲜的油橄榄果实直接冷榨而成的油脂。因不经加热和化学处理,保留了天然营养成分,被认为是迄今所发现的油脂中最适合人体营养的油脂。橄榄油和橄榄果渣油在地中海沿岸国家有几千年的历史,在西方被誉为“液体黄金”、“植物油皇后”、“地中海甘露”。可供食用的高档橄榄油是用初熟或成熟的油橄榄鲜果通过物理冷压榨工艺提取的天然果油汁,(剩余物通过化学法提取橄榄果渣油)是世界上以自然状态的形式供人类食用的木本植物油之一。