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The simplest product form of biscuits (Biscuit) is purely mixed with flour and water. It was found in ancient tombs in ancient Egypt around BC 4000.
饼干(Biscuit)的最简单产品形态是单纯的用面粉和水混合的形态,在BC4000年左右古代埃及的古坟中被发现。
Imported Biscuits
The truly shaped biscuits are traced back to the Persian in the seventh century, when sugar technology was just developed and widely used because of biscuits. Until the tenth century AD, as Muslims conquered Spain, biscuits spread to Europe and have since spread among Christian countries. By the 14th century AD, biscuits had become the favorite snack of all Europeans. From the royal kitchen to the streets where civilians lived, the scent of biscuits was permeating. The modern biscuit industry was started in the 19th century by the United Kingdom due to the development of nautical technology in the world. In the long-term navigation, bread contains high moisture (35% -40%) and is not suitable for storing grain, so Invented a kind of bread with very low moisture content-biscuits.
而真正成型的饼干,则要追溯到公元七世纪的波斯,当时制糖技术刚刚开发出来,并因为饼干而被广泛使用。一直到了公元十世纪左右,随着穆斯林对西班牙的征服,饼干传到了欧洲,并从此在各个基督教国家之中流传。到了公元十四世纪,饼干已经成了全欧洲人最喜欢的点心,从皇室的厨房到平民居住的大街,都弥漫着饼干的香味。现代饼干产业是由19世纪时因发达的航海技术进出于世界各国的英国开始的,在长期的航海中,面包因含有较高的水份(35%-40%)不适合作为储备粮食,所以发明了一种含水份量很低的面包-饼干。
Crispy biscuits: take wheat flour, sugar and fat as the main raw materials, add loosening agent and other auxiliary materials, and the shape produced by cold powder process powder adjustment, rolling, roller printing or punching and baking is mostly convex flower, cross-sectional structure Baked food with a porous texture and a loose texture. Such as butter cookies, onion cookies, sesame cookies, meringue cookies.
酥性饼干:以小麦粉、糖、油脂为主要原料,加入疏松剂和其他辅料,经冷粉工艺调粉、辊压、辊印或者冲、烘烤制成的造型多为凸花的,断面结构呈现多孔状组织,口感疏松的烘焙食品。如奶油饼干、葱香饼干、芝麻饼干、蛋酥饼干等。
Toughness biscuits: take wheat flour, sugar and fat as the main raw materials, add loosening agent, modifier and other auxiliary materials, and the graphics produced by hot powder process powder adjustment, rolling, rolling or printing, baking are mostly concave flowers, appearance Smooth, smooth surface, with pinholes, layered cross-section, crispy baked goods. Such as milk cake, vanilla cake, egg cake, marie cake, Boston cake.
韧性饼干:以小麦粉、糖、油脂为主要原料,加入疏松剂、改良剂与其他辅料,经热粉工艺调粉、辊压、辊切或冲印、烘烤制成的图形多为凹花,外观光滑,表面平整,有针眼,断面有层次,口感松脆的焙烤食品。如牛奶饼、香草饼、蛋味饼、玛利饼、波士顿饼等。
Fermented (soda) cake: wheat flour, sugar, fat as the main raw material, yeast as the loosening agent, adding various auxiliary materials, made by fermentation, powder adjustment, rolling, lamination, baking, crispy Scented baked goods. Fermented cake, also known as chocolate rack, is divided into salty fermented cake and sweet fermented cake according to its formula.
发酵(苏打)饼:以小麦粉、糖、油脂为主要原料,酵母为疏松剂,加入各种辅料,经发酵、调粉、辊压、叠层、烘烤制成的松脆、具有发酵制品特有香味的焙烤食品。发酵饼又称巧克力架,按其配方分为咸发酵饼和甜发酵饼。
Crispbread with wheat flour, sugar and fat as the main raw materials, add condiments and other accessories.
薄脆饼干:以小麦粉、糖、油脂为主要原料,加入调味品等辅料
Cookies: Made with wheat flour, sugar, dairy products as the main raw materials, adding bulking agent and other auxiliary materials, and forming the dough by one of the methods of extrusion, extrusion, wire cutting and other methods, and baking Crispy baked food with three-dimensional pattern or regular ripple on the surface and high fat content.
曲奇饼干:以小麦粉、糖、乳制品为主要原料,加入疏松剂和其他辅料,以和面,采用挤注、挤条、钢丝节割等方法中的一种形式成型,烘烤制成的具有立体花纹或表面有规则波纹、含油脂高的酥化焙烤食品。
Sandwich biscuits: Sandwich baked goods with various sandwich materials with sugar, fat or jam as the main raw material between two biscuits
夹心饼干:在两块饼干之间添加糖、油脂或果酱为主要原料的各种夹心料的夹心焙烤食品。
Wafer biscuits: Crispy baked food made from wheat flour (glutinous rice flour) and starch as the main raw materials, emulsifiers, loosening agents and other auxiliary materials are added to adjust powder, pouring and baking. Also known as waffle.
威化饼干:以小麦粉(糯米粉)、淀粉为主要原料,加入乳化剂、疏松剂等辅料,以调粉、浇注、烘烤而制成的松脆型焙烤食品。又称为华夫饼干。
Egg-shaped biscuits: wheat flour, sugar, eggs as the main raw materials, adding loosening agent, flavor and other accessories, whipped, syrup, pouring, baking and made of crispy baked food, commonly known as egg-based cookies.
蛋圆饼干:以小麦粉、糖、鸡蛋为主要原料,加入疏松剂、香精等辅料,以搅打、调浆、浇注、烘烤而制成的松脆焙烤食品,俗称蛋基饼干。
Sticky flower biscuits: take wheat flour, sugar, oil and fat as the main raw materials, add dairy products, egg products, loosening agent, spices and other auxiliary materials through the dough, forming, baking, cooling, surface decoration sticky sugar flower, dry loose Baked goods.
黏花饼干:以小麦粉、糖、油脂为主要原料,加入乳制品、蛋制品、疏松剂、香料等辅料经和面、成型、烘烤、冷却、表面裱花粘糖花、干燥制成的疏松焙烤食品。
Blister biscuits: Loose baked food made of wheat flour, sugar and eggs as the main raw materials, adding leavening agent, adjusted powder, repeated rolling, forming, boiling water blanching, cold water soaking, baking.
水泡饼干:以小麦粉、糖、鸡蛋为主要原料,加入膨松剂,经调粉、多次辊压、成型、沸水烫漂、、冷水浸泡、烘烤制成的具有浓郁香味的疏松焙烤食品。