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Georgia is the birthplace of wine in the world. According to the archaeological study of 10 grape seeds unearthed in Georgia in 1965, the former Soviet Union found that this is the vitis vinifera sativa DC grape cultivated artificially 7000-8000 years ago. It is the oldest in human history. Variety! This proves that Georgia is the origin of world wine. For Georgians, wine is like tea and Chinese, and it is inseparable in the ancient history of development. In today's world, the country's home-brewed wine is only Georgian, and the rich and colorful wine culture has a long history. The people of the former Soviet Union recognized that Georgian wine is the best and purest wine in the world, not French red wine.
格鲁吉亚是世界葡萄酒的发源地,1965年据前苏联对格鲁吉亚出土的10粒葡萄籽考古研究发现:这是距今7000-8000年前人工栽培的vitis vinifera sativa D.C品种葡萄,是人类历史上最古老的品种!由此证明格鲁吉亚是世界葡萄酒的起源。葡萄酒对于格鲁吉亚人就像茶与中国人一样,在古老的发展史中难解难分 。在现今的世界,举国家家自酿葡萄酒只有格鲁吉亚人,深厚多彩的酒文化源远流长。原苏联国家民众公认格鲁吉亚葡萄酒是世界最好的、最纯的酒,而不是法国红酒。
Georgia is the most different example in the former Soviet Union. It has been discovered that the remaining grape seeds of ancient winemaking are enough to prove that the country has at least 5,000 years of winemaking history, even prehistoric artifacts unearthed, and it also shows that they have understood the importance of pruning. Their long and long history has given them plenty of time to develop at least 500 different grape varieties, and even most of them are still brewed using traditional ancient methods.
格鲁吉亚是前苏联里最不一样的例子。目前已经发现古代酿酒所剩下的葡萄籽,足以证明该国至少有5000年的酿酒历史,甚至是出土的史前古物,还可显示他们已经懂得剪枝的重要性。漫长悠久的历史,让他们颇有余裕发展出至少500个不同的葡萄品种,甚至现在大多数还在使用传统的古法酿制。
Georgia has three historic wine regions. The first is Kakheti, which has the driest climate and can reach the Caucasus mountains on the eastern edge. Two thirds of the country's grapes are grown in this region. Next is the Kartli area, where clay pots are rarely used, and it is located on a gentle plot not far from the capital Tblisi; finally, the Imereti production area in the west has a humid climate.
格鲁吉亚有三个历史悠久的葡萄酒产区,第一个是气候最干燥、东缘可到达高加索山丽的Kakheti,全国有三分之二的葡萄都生长于此区。再来是Kartli地区,这里鲜少使用陶土缸,位于首都Tblisi不远的平缓地块上;最后是位于西部的Imereti产区,气候比较潮湿。
Brandy is a kind of high-quality famous wine made by distillation of wine, which is loved by people, and its alcohol content is about 40% to 50%. According to legend, European brandy was first brought by the Crusaders in the 13th century. By the middle of the 17th century, there was already a supply and trade of brandy in European hotels and markets. At that time, Europeans generally believed that it was a kind of medicinal wine that can effectively treat illness, and doctors also believed that this delicious alcoholic beverage can detoxify and degrease. In the brandy national standard GB11856-1997, brandy is divided into four grades, special grade (X.O), excellent grade (V.S.O.P), first grade (V.O) and second grade (Samsung and V.S).
白兰地酒是一种用葡萄酒经过蒸馏酿造的优质名酒,为人们所喜爱,其酒精含量约40%~50%。据传说,欧洲的白兰地酒最早是在13世纪由十字军骑士们带来的。到了17世纪中叶,欧洲酒店和市场上已有白兰地酒供应和贸易。当时,欧洲人普遍认为它是一种能有效地治疗病痛的药酒,医生们也多认为,这种美味酒精饮料能解毒去瘟。在白兰地国家标准GB11856-1997中将白兰地分为四个等级,特级(X.O)、优级(V.S.O.P)、一级(V.O)和二级(三星和V.S)。